Hiccups also known as “singultus” are sudden involuntary contractions of a muscle called “diaphragm”, that separates the chest from the belly. When this happens, you swallow air and your larynx (i.e. voice box) closes, leading to the “hic” sound. In most cases, hiccups are benign and usually transient. Most resolve within days.
Hypertension or high Blood Pressure is a chronic medical condition that puts you at risk for stroke, heart failure, heart attack, kidney failure, damaged blood vessels in the film (retina) of the eyes. When your doctor or nurse tells you your blood pressure, they mention two numbers, for example, 160 over 90.
Migraine is a type of headache that is chronic and recurrent. It is usually throbbing (or pulsating) and typically affects one side of the head. The pain is worsened when you cough, bend, or move your head suddenly (Cutrer, 2020). It affects women more than men and it can affect both children and adults. In children, it affects boys and girls equally.